Original Article

Personal and Ubiquitous Computing

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 1173-1185

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Adaptive persuasive messaging to increase service retention: using persuasion profiles to increase the effectiveness of email reminders

  • Maurits KapteinAffiliated withEindhoven University of Technology Email author 
  • , Aart van HalterenAffiliated withPhilips Research


In this article, we describe the usage of persuasion profiles in a large scale, N = 1,129, field trial. Persuasive technologies—technologies intentionally designed to influence user behavior—are emergent and becoming more and more individualized and ubiquitous. Individual differences in people’s responses to often used persuasion principles—different psychological means by which to influence users—motivate personalization. We describe how, through identification, representation, and measurement, persuasive technologies can personalize their persuasive attempts. Next, we show that dynamically adapting a persuasive technology to the responses of its users increases the effectiveness of the system. Ubiquitous computing systems are, because of their ability to unobtrusively measure user behavior, very well suited for these types of applications.


Persuasion Personalization Persuasion profiles