, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 2327-2331

Eculizumab therapy in a child with hemolytic uremic syndrome and CFI mutation

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Background

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute renal failure in childhood. It usually occurs after a prodromal episode of diarrhea and it leads to significant morbidity and mortality during the acute phase. However, cases that start as diarrhea-positive HUS whose renal function fail to recover should be screened for genetic disorders of the complement system, which is called atypical HUS (aHUS).

Case-Diagnosis/Treatment

We herein report a 10-year-old girl, who initially came with bloody diarrhea and had features of HUS with delayed renal and hematological recovery despite plasma therapy. Eculizumab (600 mg/week) was initiated on day 15 for atypical presentation and later a complement factor I (CFI) mutation was detected. The girl recovered diuresis within 24 h and after the third eculizumab infusion, hemoglobin, platelet, and C3 levels normalized; renal function improved; and proteinuria completely disappeared in 2 weeks.

Conclusion

It is our belief that eculizumab can be the treatment of choice in children who have plasma exchange-refractory HUS with defective regulation of the alternative complement pathway.