Coral Reefs

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 564–573

Population impacts of collecting sea anemones and anemonefish for the marine aquarium trade in the Philippines

Authors

  • Craig S. Shuman
    • Environmental Science and Engineering Program, Department of Environmental Health SciencesUniversity of California Los Angeles
    • Reef Check Foundation
  • Gregor Hodgson
    • Reef Check Foundation
  • Richard F. Ambrose
    • Environmental Science and Engineering Program, Department of Environmental Health SciencesUniversity of California Los Angeles
Report

DOI: 10.1007/s00338-005-0027-z

Cite this article as:
Shuman, C.S., Hodgson, G. & Ambrose, R.F. Coral Reefs (2005) 24: 564. doi:10.1007/s00338-005-0027-z

Abstract

Tropical marine ornamentals comprise an increasingly important fishery worldwide. Although the potential for overexploitation of marine ornamentals is great, few studies have addressed the population-level impacts of ornamental exploitation and few ornamental fisheries are managed. Analysis of catch records obtained from collectors over a four-month period in the vicinity of Cebu, Philippines, showed that anemonefish and anemones comprised close to 60% of the total catch. Underwater visual census surveys revealed that both anemone and anemonefish densities were significantly lower in exploited areas than in protected areas. The low density of anemones on exploited reefs accounted for over 80% of the reduced density of anemonefish at those sites. There were similar numbers of anemonefish per unit area of anemone in protected and exploited sites; however, biomass of anemonefish per unit area of anemone was lower in exploited areas. Reduction of anemone removals is recommended to support the sustainable harvest of anemonefish from this region.

Keywords

Aquarium tradeAnemonesAnemonefishFisheries managementMarine ornamentalsPhilippines

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005