, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 195–232

Effects of text illustrations: A review of research

  • W. Howard Levie
  • Richard Lentz

DOI: 10.1007/BF02765184

Cite this article as:
Levie, W.H. & Lentz, R. ECTJ (1982) 30: 195. doi:10.1007/BF02765184


Can illustrations aid learning of text material? These authors review the results of 55 experiments comparing learning from illustrated text with learning from text alone. They go on to look at research in closely related fields (involving, for example, nonrepresentational pictures, graphic organizers, learner-produced drawings) and conclude by offering guidelines for practice.

Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Howard Levie
    • 1
  • Richard Lentz
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EducationIndiana UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Audio-Visual CenterIndiana UniversityBloomington