Bulletin of Volcanology

, Volume 49, Issue 5, pp 669–679

Large-scale volcanic cone collapse: The 1888 slope failure of Ritter volcano, and other examples from Papua New Guinea

  • R. W. Johnson
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01080358

Cite this article as:
Johnson, R.W. Bull Volcanol (1987) 49: 669. doi:10.1007/BF01080358

Abstract

A largely submarine avalanche amphitheatre that formed catastrophically in 1888 on Ritter volcano has been identified from a bathymetric survey. Collapse of the volcano in 1888 therefore is considered to have been caused by rapid, large-scale slope failure, rather than by cauldron subsidence, as previously supposed. Escarpments of pre-historic slope failures are common on other Papua New Guinea volcanoes. Directions of avalanching on some volcanoes in the Bismarck volcanic arc appear to be controlled by a regional stress pattern, and those for some volcanoes in the Fly-Highlands province on mainland Papua New Guinea point away from the regional centre of Pliocene uplift. Large amphitheatres such as at Doma Peaks in the Fly-High-lands province probably originated by multiple collapses.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Bureau of Mineral ResourcesCanberraAustralia