Article

Space Science Reviews

, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 335-386

Deducing turbulence parameters from transionospheric scintillation measurements

  • A. BhattacharyyaAffiliated withIndian Institute of Geomagnetism
  • , K. C. YehAffiliated withWave Propagation Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois
  • , S. J. FrankeAffiliated withWave Propagation Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois

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Abstract

The theoretical framework and experimental methodology used to interpret observations of ionospheric scintillations in terms of geophysical processes are reviewed and recent experimental observations of ionospheric scintillations are discussed in this paper. During the past 15 years significant progress has been made in several areas. In particular, significant advances have been made in theoretical understanding of the strong scintillation regime and the effects of short-term temporal variations of the scintillation producing irregularities on observations made with spaced-receiver geometries in both weak and strong scintillations. This improved understanding of the scintillation process has significantly increased the utility of the technique particularly in the equatorial latitudes where geometrical effects are least important.