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This video provides an algorithm covering the types of dysphagia based on presenting symptoms, and the work up - radiologic and endoscopic - required to diagnose it.


  • Dysphagia
  • Oropharyngeal
  • Esophageal
  • Motility
  • Obstruction
  • Barium swallow
  • Schatzki Ring
  • Stricture
  • Achalasia
  • Corkscrew
  • Nutcracker
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Bird beak

Conflict of Interest



  1. 1.
    Rohof WOA, Bredenoord AJ (2017) Chicago classification of esophageal motility disorders: lessons learned. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 19(8):37. Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wilkinson JM, Codipilly DC, Wilfahrt RP (2021) Dysphagia: evaluation and collaborative management. Am Fam Physician 103(2):97–106PubMedGoogle Scholar

About this video

Kashif Piracha
First online
19 June 2022
Online ISBN
Springer, Cham
Copyright information
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022

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