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  • Capital: Kyiv (formerly Kiev)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 44.82 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 8,178

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.747/81=

  • Internet domain extension: .ua

Civil Aviation

The main international airport is Kyiv (Boryspil), and there are international flights from seven other airports. There are two major Ukrainian carriers. In 2012 Kyiv handled 8,478,091 passengers (7,432,008 on international flights) and 38,642 tonnes of freight. In the same year Simferopol (under Russian control since the annexation of Crimea in 2014) handled 1,113,900 passengers and Odesa 907,600 passengers.


Temperate continental with a subtropical Mediterranean climate prevalent on the southern portions of the Crimean Peninsula. The average monthly temperature in winter ranges from 17.6 °F to 35.6 °F (−8 °C to 2 °C), while summer temperatures average 62.6 °F to 77 °F (17 °C to 25 °C). The Black Sea coast is subject to freezing, and no Ukrainian port is permanently ice-free. Precipitation...

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