South Sudan

(Republic of South Sudan)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Juba

  • Population estimate, 2015: 12.34 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP) $2,332

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.467/169

  • Internet domain extension: .ss

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Juba with connections to Addis Ababa, Cairo, Entebbe, Khartoum and Nairobi. Other major airports include those at Malakal, Rumbek and Wau. South Supreme Airlines operates both domestic and international flights.


South Sudan’s climate is tropical with wet and dry seasons. The winter is relatively cool and dry while the rainy season usually takes place from April to Dec. with most rain falling in the summer months. Juba, Jan. 81 °F (27.3 °C), July 76 °F (24.5 °C). Annual rainfall 38″ (965 mm). Wau, Jan. 79 °F (25.9 °C), July 78 °F (25.3 °C). Annual rainfall 44″ (1,118 mm).

Constitution and Government

An interim constitution was ratified shortly before independence and came into force on 7 July 2011. Under the constitution the Presidentis the Head of State, Head of...

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