Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal (Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Kathmandu

  • Population estimate, 2015: 28.51 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 2,311

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.548/145=

  • Internet domain extension: .np

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport (Tribhuvan) at Kathmandu. The national carrier is the state-owned Nepal Airlines (formerly known as Royal Nepal Airlines). In 2012 Kathmandu handled 4,444,529 passengers (2,854,933 on international flights) and 13,198 tonnes of freight. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Nepali-based carriers flew 6.4 m. km; passenger-km totalled 608.1 m. in the same year.


Varies from cool summers and severe winters in the north to sub-tropical summers and mild winters in the south. The rainfall is high, with maximum amounts from June to Sept., but conditions are very dry from Nov. to Jan. Kathmandu, Jan. 10 °C, July, 25 °C. Average annual rainfall, 1,424 mm.

Constitution and Government

Following years of political turbulence an interim constitution was approved in Dec. 2006,...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations