Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw (Republic of the Union of Myanmar)
Reference work entry


  • Capitals: Naypyidaw/Pyinmana (Administrative and Legislative), Yangon/Rangoon (Commercial)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 53.90 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,998

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.536/148

  • Internet domain extension: .mm

Civil Aviation

The flag carrier is Myanmar National Airlines (Myanma Airways until 2014). The main airport is Yangon International Airport. In 2010 there were international flights to Bangkok, Beijing, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Singapore and Taipei. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Myanmar-based carriers flew 1.0 m. km; passenger-km totalled 117.1 m. in the same year.


The climate is equatorial in coastal areas, changing to tropical monsoon over most of the interior, but humid temperate in the extreme north, where there is a more significant range of temperature and a dry season lasting from Nov. to April. In coastal parts, the dry season is shorter. Very heavy rains occur in the monsoon months May to Sept. Yangon, Jan....

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