George, Henry (1839–1897)
Henry George was by turns sailor, prospector, printer, reporter, San Francisco newspaper editor and publisher, orator and political activist before closeting himself to write on political economy. His Progress and Poverty (1879) electrified reformers, catapulted him to fame and began a worldwide movement for land reform and taxation, opening to George an extraordinary career in radical politics. Returning from Ireland as reporter for The Irish World of New York he was lionized by Irish-New Yorkers for his stand on the Irish land question. With ethnic, union and socialist backing he formed the United Labour Party and ran for mayor of New York in 1886, nearly winning.
KeywordsAdvances Barriers to exchange City planning Clark, J. B. Common property Excise taxes Fabianism George, H. Hotelling, H. Irish land question Land markets Land tax Libertarianism Lorenz curve Marginal cost pricing Market failure Mixed economy Public utility pricing Scarcity Specialization Speculation Supply side economics Taxation of income Urban economics Urban planning Urban transportation economics Veblen, T. Vickrey, W. S. Wages fund Wages tax Wicksteed, P. H.
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