Landry, Adolphe (1874–1956)
Born on 29 September 1874 in Ajaccio, Corsica, Landry died in Paris on 28 August 1956. A graduate of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, he began as a philosopher, then turned to economics and demography. From 1907 on he held the chair of economic history and history of economics at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris. He was elected as a Deputy for Corsica in 1910 for the Radical Socialist party, serving as Minister of Navy in 1920, of Public Instruction in 1924, and of Labour in 1932. As a member of Parliament he was particularly effective in promoting family legislation and family allowances which, intended to stimulate fertility, became quite substantial (subsidies to large families in 1913, the Code de la famille in 1939, and the law on family allowances in 1946).