The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd


  • Wolfgang-Dieter Classen
Reference work entry


The term fascism can be applied to historical reality only as an approximation, because the differences between what are called fascist movements and regimes seem to be greater than the similarities, and leave room for many contrary interpretations (cf. de Felice 1969; Gregor 1974). Given this restriction the term is applied to both radical populistic mass movements, primarily of the middle classes, and, where they attained power, to the political regimes they created between the two world wars.

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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang-Dieter Classen
    • 1
  1. 1.