Eden, Frederick Morton (1766–1809)
The son of Sir Robert Eden, F.M. Eden was educated at Oxford, gaining a Master’s degree in 1789. A co-founder of the Globe Insurance Company, he published in 1797 the three volumes of his investigation into the conditions of the labouring poor, The State of the Poor. This work was perhaps the most detailed appraisal of social legislation and its actual workings that had appeared, and the findings provided ample material for ensuing debate on the best form of dealing with poverty and pauperism. In the years that followed Eden wrote a number of pamphlets on related issues.