Cunynghame, Henry Hardinge (1848–1935)
Soldier, lawyer, civil servant, polymath and amateur economist, Sir Henry Cunynghame was born of distinguished forebears on 8 July 1848 at Penshurst. He died at Eastbourne on 3 May 1935, having been knighted in 1908. In 1870 he entered St John’s College, Cambridge, to study law, throwing over a promising military career. There he became a favourite of Alfred Marshall and was infected by an enthusiasm for ‘geometrical political economy’, a topic on which he was eventually to publish one of his many books (1904). There too he invented for Marshall a machine (now lost) for drawing a grid of rectangular hyperbolae (Guillebaud 1961, Vol. II, pp. 37–8).
- Guillebaud, C.W, ed. 1961. Alfred Marshall, Principles of economics Ninth (Variorum) Edition. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Keynes, J.M. 1935. Obituary: Sir Henry Cunynghame. The Economic Journal 45(178): 398–406. Reproduced in J.M. Keynes, Collected writings, vol. X (Essays in Biography). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Pigou, A.C. (ed.). 1925. Memorials of Alfred Marshall. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Ward, C.H.D., and C.B. Spencer. 1938. The unconventional civil servant: Sir Henry Cunynghame. London: Michael Joseph.Google Scholar