Population decline is much less common than population growth. Looking at the geographical areas occupied by present-day nations, or by their administrative subdivisions, one sees that over the last millenium the number of years when the human population declined is almost always much exceeded by the number when it grew. Reflecting this fact, economics has devoted much more attention to the growth of population than to its decline. The preoccupation with growth, however, may be ending as more countries experience lengthy periods of reduced fertility.
- Banister, J., and L. Kincannon. 1984. Perspectives on China’s 1982 census. Paper presented at the International Seminar on China’s 1982 Population Census, Beijing.Google Scholar
- Dumont, G.F., and A. Sauvy. 1984. La montée des déséquilibres démographiques: quel avenir pour une France vieillie dans un monde jeune? Paris: Economica.Google Scholar
- Simon, J. 1981. The ultimate resource. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Tomlinson, R., M.M. Huss, and P.E. Ogden. 1985. France in peril: The French fear of dénatalité. History Today 35: 24–31.Google Scholar