Syria, Economy of
Syria experienced GDP growth above 3% every year from 2004 to 2010. In 2009 manufacturing, mining and public utilities contributed 31.4% to GDP; followed by agriculture, 21.1%; trade, restaurants and hotels, 17.0%; transport and communications, 10.1%; and public administration, 9.8%. With the onset of civil war in 2011, the economy contracted by 2–3%. Prior to 2011 oil accounted for 20% of government revenues and 35% of export receipts, with agriculture responsible for 20% of GDP. Since 2011 the EU has imposed sanctions on oil exports and the once prosperous tourism sector has been devastated. Inflation rose above 30% in 2012 and the economy is estimated to have contracted by 20%.