The American system of government-financed education is decentralized among 50 states and more than 15,000 local school districts. Local funds are derived from local property taxes, and this system tends to make local spending unequal. State- government efforts to equalize education spending involve manipulating the local ‘tax price’ with matching grants. School districts with low tax prices are not, however, necessarily populated by rich people, so the distribution of state funds may penalize many low-income districts with large amounts of non-residential property.
KeywordsEducational finance Local government Median voter Property taxation School districts (USA) School vouchers Spatial competition Tax price of school spending Tiebout hypothesis
- Benabou, R. 1996. Heterogeneity, stratification, and growth: Macroeconomic implications of community structure and school finance. American Economic Review 86: 584–609.Google Scholar
- Bergstrom, T.C., and R.P. Goodman. 1973. Private demand for public goods. American Economic Review 63: 280–296.Google Scholar
- Brunner, E.J., and J. Sonstelie. 2006. California’s school finance reform: An experiment in fiscal federalism. In The Tiebout model at fifty, ed. W.A. Fischel. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.Google Scholar