The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Italy, Economics in

  • Massimo M. Augello
  • Marco E. L. Guidi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_2530

Abstract

The history of economics in Italy reflects an interaction between scientific–educational institutions and political power, which led economists to combine a theoretical approach and political commitment. During the Enlightenment a network of circles and public academies spawned the contributions of Beccaria, Genovesi, Galiani, Ortes and Verri. The institutionalization of economics in the 19th century prepared the success of the marginalist generation led by Pantaleoni, Pareto and Barone. In the interwar period, academic economists formed a bulwark against Fascism. The post-war political climate favoured the internationalization of economics, with the importation of Keynesianism and, later, other currents of thought.

Keywords

Barone, E. Beccaria, C. Boccardo, G. Bodio, L. Boselli, P. Botero, G. Bresciani Turroni, C. Caffè, F. Carey, H. C. Cognetti de Martiis, S. Corbino, E. Corporatism Cossa, L. Cost of reproduction theory of value Croce, B. Custodi, P. Davanzati, B. De Viti De Marco, A. Del Vecchio, G. Demaria, G. di Fenizio, F. Division of labour Einaudi, L. Taviani, P.E. Engel, E. Entrepreneurship Equilibrium Fanfani, A. Fanno, M. Ferrara, F. Fuà, G. Galiani, F. Galilean revolution Garegnani, P. Genovesi, A. German Historical School Gioja, M. Graziadei, A. Graziani, A. Intieri, B. Italy, economics in Jannaccone, P. Keynesianism Labour theory of value Labriola, A. List, F. Loria, A. Luzzatti, L. Machiavelli, N. Marginalism Marrama, V. Mazzola, U. Messedaglia, A. Methodenstreit Modigliani, F. Montanari, G. Morpurgo, E. Nazzani, E. Neoclassical synthesis Neo-Ricardian economics Nitti, F. S. Ortes, G. Pantaleoni, M. Pareto, V. Pasinetti, L. Pesenti, A. Physiocracy Platonism Protonotari, F. Public finance Quetelet, A. Rae, J. Revisionism Ricci, U. Romagnosi, G.D. Saraceno, P. Say, J.-B. Scaruffi, G. Scialoja, A. Serra, A. Sharecropping Sismondi, J. C. L. S. de Smith, A. Società Italiana degli Economisti Sraffa, P. Steve, S. Subjectivist theory of value Supino, C. Sylos Labini, P. Toniolo, G. Turati, F. Vanoni, E. Vasco, G. Verri, P 
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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Massimo M. Augello
    • 1
  • Marco E. L. Guidi
    • 1
  1. 1.