The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de (1743–1794)

  • H. Moulin
  • H. Peyton Young
Reference work entry


Condorcet was a French mathematician and philosopher. With many of his fellow encyclopédistes he shared the conviction that social sciences are amenable to mathematical rigour. His pioneer work on elections, the Essai sur l’application de l’analyse a la probabilité des decisions rendues a la pluralité des voix (1785) is a major step in that direction.


Black, D. Borda, J.-C. de Condorcet, Marquis de Condorcet’s paradox Impossibility theorem Independence of irrelevant alternatives Maximum likelihood Strategic voting Voting rules 

JEL Classifications

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Moulin
    • 1
  • H. Peyton Young
    • 1
  1. 1.