The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Patent Pools

  • Daniel Quint
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_2363

Abstract

A patent pool is an agreement by multiple patentholders to share intellectual property among themselves or to license a portfolio of patents as a package to outsiders. Patent pools were common in the United States from the 1890s to the 1940s; since the mid-1990s, there has been a resurgence of patent pools tied to technological standards. I discuss the history and antitrust treatment of patent pools in the United States, and review the related academic literature (both theoretical and empirical).

Keywords

Antitrust legislation Complements Intellectual property Patent pools Patents 

JEL Classifications

K21 L24 L4 O34 
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Bibliography

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Regulatory Guidelines and Business Review Letters

  1. Letter from Charles James, Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, to Ky Ewing, 12 November 2002. Available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/atr/public/busreview/200455.pdf
  2. Letter from Joel Klein, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, to Garrard Beeney, 26 June 1997. Available at: https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/atr/legacy/2006/10/17/215742.pdf
  3. Letter from Joel Klein, Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, to Garrard Beeney, 16 December 1998. Available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/atr/public/busreview/ 2121.htm
  4. Letter from Joel Klein, Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, to Carey Ramos, 10 June 1999. Available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/atr/public/busreview/2485.htm
  5. US Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission. 1995. Antitrust guidelines for the licensing of intellectual property. Available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/atr/public/guidelines/0558.htm
  6. US Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission. 2007. Antitrust enforcement and intellectual property rights: Promoting innovation and competition. Chapter 3: Antitrust analysis of portfolio cross-licensing agreements and patent pools. Available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/atr/public/hearings/ip/chapter_3.htm

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Quint
    • 1
  1. 1.