The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd


  • Robert A. Margo
Reference work entry


A ghetto is an area of a city in which a minority group is highly segregated and kept there by social, legal, or political forces. This article describes the history of Jewish ghettos of medieval Europe through the Nazi period. The African-American experience is also described, along with the effects of segregation on racial differences in economic outcomes. Examples of ghettos in Japan (the Burakumin), Australia (aborigines), and South Africa (apartheid) are mentioned, along with the related concept of an ethnic enclave.


Apartheid Burakumin Ghettoes Housing markets Human capital Immigration Internal migration Neighbours and neighbourhoods Racial discrimination Racial segregation Restrictive covenant Urban segregation 

JEL Classifications

N90 N92 N93 N94 J15 
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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert A. Margo
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