The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

German Economics in the Early 19th Century

  • K. Tribe
Reference work entry


During the 18th century ‘cameralism’ became a recognized part of the introductory curriculum of (mainly northern, Protestant) German universities. The French Revolution, the Napoleonic occupation, and Kant’s new Critical Philosophy together swept established doctrine aside during the final decade of the century, allowing a reoccupation of the university curriculum by ‘modern economics’. Jean-Baptiste Say had more direct influence on this than Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations. When combined with a post-Critical emphasis on human needs, this directed German writings away from the English emphasis on value and distribution and laid the foundation for a new ‘marginalist’ economics in the 1870s.


Cameralism Engels, F. German economics in the early 19th century Hermann, F. Hufeland, G. Jakob, L. Marx, K. Menger, C. Musgrave, R. Nationalökonomie Physiocrats Rau, K. Sartorius, G. Say, J.-B. Schumpeter, J. Smith, A. Steuart, J. von Soden, J. 

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Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Tribe
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