Urban Environment and Quality of Life
Urban quality of life is a key determinant of where the educated choose to live and work. Recognizing the importance of attracting the high-skilled, many cities are investing to transform themselves into ‘consumer cities’. This essay examines the supply and demand for non-market urban quality of life. It provides an overview of hedonic methods often used to estimate how much households pay for non-market urban attributes such as temperate climate and clean air.
KeywordsCompensating differentials Congestion Crime Hedonic functions Internal migration Pollution Population density Quality of life Urban environment and quality of life Urban growth Urbanization
- Dasgupta, S., Hamilton, K., Pandey, K. and Wheeler, D. 2004. Air pollution during growth: Accounting for governance and vulnerability. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3383. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
- Glaeser, E., and M. Kahn. 2004. Sprawl and urban growth. In Handbook of urban economics, ed. V. Henderson and J. Thisse, Vol. 4. Amsterdam: North Holland.Google Scholar
- Haines, M. 2001. The urban mortality transition in the United States 1800–1940. Historical Paper 134. Cambridge, MA: NBER.Google Scholar
- Harris, J., and M. Todaro. 1970. Migration, unemployment & development: A two-sector analysis. American Economic Review 60: 126–142.Google Scholar
- Henderson, V. and Hyoung Gun Wang 2004. Urbanization and city growth. Online. Available at http://www.econ.brown.edu/faculty/henderson/papers.html. Accessed 29 June 2005.
- Kahn, M. 2001. The beneficiaries of Clean Air Act legislation. Regulation 24: 34–39.Google Scholar
- Kahn, M. 2003. New evidence on Eastern Europe’s pollution progress. Topics in Economic Analysis & Policy 3(1), article 4. Online. Available at http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/topics/vol3/iss1/art4. Accessed 28 June 2005.
- Melosi, M. 1982. Garbage in the cities: Refuse, reform and the environment: 1880–1980. College Station: Texas A&M Press.Google Scholar
- Melosi, M. 2001. Effluent america: Cities, industry, energy and the environment. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
- Rappaport, J. 2003. Moving to nice weather. Research Working Paper 03–07. Kansas: Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.Google Scholar
- United Nations Population Division. 2004. World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision Population Database. Online. Available at Accessed 28 June 2005.Google Scholar