The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Engels, Friedrich (1820–1895)

  • Gareth Stedman Jones
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_181

Abstract

Born in Barmen, the eldest son of a textile manufacturer in Westphalia, Engels was trained for a merchant’s profession. From school onwards, however, he developed radical literary ambitions which eventually brought him into contact with the Young Hegelian circle in Berlin in 1841. In 1842, Engels left for England to work in his father’s Manchester firm. Already converted by Moses Hess to a belief in ‘communism’ and the imminence of an English social revolution, he used his two-year stay to study the conditions which would bring it about. From this visit came two works which were to make an important contribution to the formation of Marxian socialism: Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy (generally called the Umrisse) published in 1844, and The Condition of the Working Class in England, published in Leipzig in 1845.

Keywords

Cost of production theory of value Engels, F. Kautsky, K. Labour theory of value Marx, K. H. Marxian transformation problem Peasants Rent Subjective theory of value 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Claeys, G. 1984. Engels’ outlines of a critique of political economy (1843) and the origins of the Marxist critique of capitalism. History of Political Economy 16: 207–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Levine, N. 1984. Dialogue within dialectics. London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  3. Marx, K. 1859. A contribution to the critique of political economy. In MECW, vol. 16. New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Marx, K. 1873. Capital. Vol. 1, 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976.Google Scholar
  5. Marx, K. 1894. Capital. Vol. 3. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1981.Google Scholar
  6. Rubel, M., ed. 1968. Karl Marx, Oeuvres. Vol. 2. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  7. Rubin, I. 1928. Essays on Marx’s theory of value, 1972. Detroit: Black & Red.Google Scholar
  8. Stedman Jones, G. 1977. Engels and the history of Marxism. In The history of Marxism, ed. E.J. Hobsbawm. Hassocks: Harvester, 1983.Google Scholar

Bibliographic Addendum

  1. Carver, T. 1990. Friedrich Engels: His life and thought. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hunley, J.D. 1991. The life and thought of Friedrich Engels: A reinterpretation of his life and thought. New Haven: Yale University Press, are useful in understanding Engels as an original thinker in his own right.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gareth Stedman Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.