Poles of Development
The term ‘development pole’ was first introduced by François Perroux (1955), who argued that analyses of economic development should concentrate on the processes by which various economic activities appear, grow in importance, and, in some cases, decline or disappear. Like Schumpeter, Perroux maintained that entrepreneurial innovation is primarily responsible for the development process, which involves a succession of dynamic sectors, or poles, over time. Although Perroux emphasized relations among industrial branches, the implications of the development pole notion have been elaborated mainly in terms of the geographic location of population and economic activities (Boudeville 1972; Hirschman 1958; Myrdal 1957).
- Boudeville, J. 1972. Aménagement du territoire et polarisation. Paris: Génin.Google Scholar
- Hansen, N. 1981. Development from above: The centre-down development paradigm. In Development from above or below? ed. W.B. Stöhr and D.R. Fraser Taylor. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
- Hirschman, A.O. 1958. The strategy of economic development. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Myrdal, G. 1957. Rich lands and poor. New York: Harper and Brothers.Google Scholar
- Perroux, F. 1955. Note sur la notion de pôle de croissance. Economie Appliquée 8, Series D, January– June.Google Scholar