Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)
Wallace discovered independently the principle of natural selection which he and Charles Darwin co-published in 1858. Wallace’s speciality was zoogeography, consonant with his early work as a surveyor and his later on land policy. ‘Wallace’s Line’ through the Makassar Straits dividing Indo-Malayan from Austro-Malayan fauna is an enduring, if modified monument. His Geographical Distribution of Animals (1876) has dominated the field.
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