The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)

  • Mason Gaffney
Reference work entry


Wallace discovered independently the principle of natural selection which he and Charles Darwin co-published in 1858. Wallace’s speciality was zoogeography, consonant with his early work as a surveyor and his later on land policy. ‘Wallace’s Line’ through the Makassar Straits dividing Indo-Malayan from Austro-Malayan fauna is an enduring, if modified monument. His Geographical Distribution of Animals (1876) has dominated the field.

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mason Gaffney
    • 1
  1. 1.