The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd


  • Charles Blackorby
Reference work entry


An ordering (also called a complete preordering or a weak ordering) is a binary relation which is reflexive, transitive and complete, that is, it is a preordering that is complete.


Choice Compensation criteria Happiness Interpersonal utility comparisons Ordering Preference orderings Preferences Transitivity Utility measurement Welfare economics Well-being 

JEL Classifications

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  1. Arrow, K.J. 1951. Social choice and individual values. New York: Wiley. 2nd edn, 1963.Google Scholar
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  3. Gorman, W. 1955. The intransitivity of certain criteria used in welfare economics. Oxford Economic Papers 7: 25–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Sen, A., and B. Williams, eds. 1982. Utilitarianism and beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Wold, H. 1943–4. A synthesis of pure demand analysis, I–III. Skandinavisk Aktuarietidskrift 26: 85–118; 220–63; 27: 69–120.Google Scholar

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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Blackorby
    • 1
  1. 1.