Strumilin, Stanislav Gustavovich (1877–1974)
Born Strumillo-Petrashkevich, of Polish descent, in Dashkovtsy, Russia, on 29 January 1877, Strumilin died in Moscow on 25 January 1974. He studied at the St Petersburg Polytechnical Institute under P.B. Struve and M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky and was twice sentenced to internal exile before the 1917 Revolutions. A Menshevik delegate to the Stockholm (1906) and London (1907) Party Congresses, he did not formally join the Bolshevik side until 1923. Apart from a break in 1937–43, when as an ex-Menshevik he was banished to the Urals in the Great Purge, he was on the staff of the State Planning Committee from 1921 (nominated by Lenin personally) to 1951; then aged 74, he moved to the Party’s Academy of Social Sciences. An Academician from 1931, he received a Stalin Prize in 1942 for work on the wartime development of the Urals.
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