The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Gray, Simon (Alias George Purves, LL.D.) (fl. 1795–1840)

  • Peter Newman
Reference work entry


Little is known about Gray except that he worked at the War Office in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. His major work (if that is the right phrase) was The Happiness of States, a book which ‘he meant to have published in 1804 but was prevented’, with the result that it did not appear until 1815. A large and cranky work, it is at once anti-Physiocrat, anti-Smith (the similarity of its title to The Wealth of Nations is no accident) and anti-Malthus.

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Newman
    • 1
  1. 1.