Garnier, Clément Joseph (1813–1881)
French economist, born at Beuil (Alpes Maritimes) on 3 October 1813; died at Paris on 25 September 1881. Joseph Garnier (not to be confused with the translator of Adam Smith) came from a family of prosperous farmers, but showed no inclination to follow his ancestral heritage. He made his way to Paris in 1829, when only 16. Poised to join the banking firm of Lafitte, he was induced instead to enter the Ecole Supérieure de Commerce by a family friend, Adolphe Blanqui. Later following in Blanqui’s footsteps. Garnier became both teacher and principal at the Ecole.