The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

Living Edition
| Editors: Palgrave Macmillan

Epistemic Game Theory: An Overview

  • Adam Brandenburger
Living reference work entry


The following three articles survey some aspects of the foundations of noncooperative game theory. The goal of work in foundations is to examine in detail the basic ingredients of game analysis.


Common knowledge Complete information Epistemic game theory Epistemic game theory: an overview Game theory Harsanyi, J. C Incomplete information Morgenstern, O Non-cooperative game theory Rational behaviour Uncertainty von Neumann, J 

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My thanks to Rena Henderson and Michael James. The Stern School of Business provided financial support.


  1. Aumann, R., and A. Brandenburger. 1995. Epistemic conditions for Nash equilibrium. Econometrica 63: 1161–1180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Harsanyi, J. 1967–8. Games with incomplete information played by ‘Bayesian’ players, I–III. Management Science 14, 159–182, 320–334, 486–502.Google Scholar
  3. Von Neumann, J., and O. Morgenstern. 1944. Theory of games and economic behavior. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 60th anniversary edn, 2004.Google Scholar

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© The Author(s) 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Brandenburger
    • 1
  1. 1.