The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

Living Edition
| Editors: Palgrave Macmillan

Immigration and the City

  • Anna Hardman
Living reference work entry


At the end of the 20th century, international migrants, legal and undocumented, were a highly visible and economically significant feature of major cities in high- and middle-income countries, including the United States. As numbers of immigrants rose, many were concentrated spatially in a small number of cities (‘ports of entry’) and within those cities in ethnically homogeneous neighbourhoods, enclaves or ghettos. An extensive literature documents the impact of immigrants on host cities, examines their patterns of assimilation and explores their interactions with native- born populations and previous immigrants.


Economies of agglomeration Ghettoes Housing markets Information sharing Internal migration International migration Labour market discrimination Migrants in cities Neighbourhoods Network externalities Residential assimilation Residential segregation Selection bias and self-selection Spatial correlation Urban agglomeration Urban economics 

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© The Author(s) 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Hardman
    • 1
  1. 1.