Adjustment Processes and Stability
Economic theory is pre-eminently a matter of equilibrium analysis. In particular, the centrepiece of the subject – general equilibrium theory – deals with the existence and efficiency properties of competitive equilibrium. Nor is this only an abstract matter. The principal policy insight of economics – that a competitive price system produces desirable results and that government interference will generally lead to an inefficient allocation of resources – rests on the intimate connections between competitive equilibrium and Pareto efficiency.
KeywordsAdjustment Process Excess Demand Competitive Equilibrium Arbitrage Opportunity Pareto Efficiency
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