Lieben was born on 6 October 1842, in Vienna; he died there on 11 November 1919. After studying mathematics and engineering sciences, he became a partner in the Jewish family bank and a respected member of the Viennese business community. In 1892 he advocated the adoption of a gold standard. He married late and had no children. He seems to have been of scholarly and artistic tastes, more contemplative than active.
Auspitz, R. Consumer’s rent Gold standard Lieben, R. Mathematical economics Reciprocal demand curves Walras, L
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