Oncken, August (1844–1911)
Oncken was born in Heidelberg on 10 April 1844 and died in Schwerin (Mecklenburg) on 10 July 1911. After studies in Munich, Heidelberg and Berlin, Oncken first became a landowner in Oldenburg. Behind his scholarly interest in physiocracy was a life-long interest in agriculture. He began his academic career as university lecturer in economics and statistics at the Vienna School of Agriculture. In 1878, after a brief interlude at the Aachen Institute of Technology he accepted an appointment as professor of economics at the University of Bern, where he taught a wide range of courses until his retirement (because of failing eyesight) at the end of 1909.