Skip to main content

Social Cognition

  • Reference work entry
  • First Online:
The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Strategic Management
  • 102 Accesses

Abstract

Social cognition, the process whereby individual and collective actors make sense of their world, is broad in its theoretical reach. Initially concerned with individual cognition, emphasizing how people create and use knowledge structures to navigate their social context, social cognition has widened to the macro level, and the shared, distributed and collective understandings that are both mental models and cultural tools of sensemaking. Thus, social cognition describes not only the social embeddedness of cognition but the social nature of cognition. We review the ways in which the relationship between the social and the cognitive has been theorized.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 1,099.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 1,699.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References

  • Ashforth, B.E., and Y. Fried. 1988. The mindlessness of organizational behaviors. Human Relations 41: 305–329.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Daft, R.L., and K.E. Weick. 1984. Toward a model of organizations as interpretation systems. Academy of Management Review 9: 284–295.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gioia, D.A., and K. Chittipeddi. 1991. Sensemaking and sensegiving in strategic change initiation. Strategic Management Journal 12: 433–448.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gioia, D.A., and C.C. Manz. 1985. Linking cognition and behavior: A script processing interpretation of vicarious learning. Academy of Management Review 10: 527–539.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gioia, D.A., and P.P. Poole. 1984. Scripts in organizational behavior. Academy of Management Review 9: 449–459.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Glynn, M.A. 2008. Beyond constraint: How institutions enable identities. In SAGE handbook of organizational institutionalism, ed. R. Greenwood, C. Oliver, K. Sahlin, and R. Suddaby. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jepperson, R.L., and A. Swidler. 1994. What properties of culture should we measure? Poetics 22: 359–371.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kiesler, S., and L. Sproull. 1982. Managerial response to changing environments: Perspectives on problem sensing from social cognition. Administrative Science Quarterly 27: 548–570.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Maitlis, S. 2005. The social processes of organizational sensemaking. Academy of Management Journal 48: 21–49.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meindl, J.R., C. Stubbart, and J.F. Porac. 1994. Cognition within and between organizations: Five key questions. Organization Science 5: 289–293.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Navis, C., and M.A. Glynn. 2010. How new market categories emerge: Temporal dynamics of legitimacy, identity, and entrepreneurship in satellite radio, 1990–2005. Administrative Science Quarterly 55: 439–471.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Neisser, U. 1967. Cognitive psychology. East Norwalk: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rao, H., P. Monin, and R. Durand. 2003. Institutional change in Toque Ville: Nouvelle cuisine as an identity movement in French gastronomy. American Journal of Sociology 108: 795–843.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Swidler, A. 1986. Culture in action: Symbols and strategies. American Sociological Review 51: 273–286.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Walsh, J.P. 1995. Managerial and organizational cognition: Notes from a trip down memory lane. Organization Science 6: 280–321.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weber, K., and M.T. Dacin. 2011. The cultural construction of organizational life: Introduction to the special issue. Organization Science 22: 287–298.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weber, K., and M.A. Glynn. 2006. Making sense with institutions: Context, thought and action in Karl Weick’s theory. Organization Studies 27: 1639–1660.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weber, K., K.L. Heinze, and M. DeSoucey. 2008. Forage for thought: Mobilizing codes in the movement for grass-fed meat and dairy products. Administrative Science Quarterly 53: 529–567.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weick, K.E. 1969. The social psychology of organizing, 1st ed. Reading: Addison-Wesley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weick, K.E. 1979. The social psychology of organizing, 2nd ed. Reading: Addison-Wesley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weick, K.E. 1993. The collapse of sensemaking in organizations: The Mann Gulch disaster. Administrative Science Quarterly 38: 628–652.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weick, K.E. 1995. Sensemaking in organizations. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weick, K.E., and K. Roberts. 1993. Collective mind in organizations: Heedful interrelating on flight decks. Administrative Science Quarterly 38: 357–381.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weick, K.E., K.M. Sutcliffe, and D. Obstfeld. 2005. Organizing and the process of sensemaking. Organization Science 16: 409–421.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wry, T., M. Lounsbury, and M.A. Glynn. 2011. Legitimating nascent collective identities: Coordinating cultural entrepreneurship. Organization Science 22: 449–463.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zuckerman, E. 1999. The categorical imperative: Securities analysts and the illegitimacy discount. American Journal of Sociology 104: 1398–1397.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mary Ann Glynn .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Copyright information

© 2018 Macmillan Publishers Ltd., part of Springer Nature

About this entry

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Glynn, M.A., Watkiss, L. (2018). Social Cognition. In: Augier, M., Teece, D.J. (eds) The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Strategic Management. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-00772-8_614

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics