Reference work entry

Structure of Higher Education System


The three-cycle higher education system (Bachelor-Master-Doctorate) has been implemented. The higher education sector is composed of both public and private institutions. It is supervised by the Ministry of Education and Science. Higher education institutions are autonomous. They can be legal entities of public law, legal entities of private law, and non-profit legal entities. Rectors of public higher education institutions are elected by the Academic Council (composed of Professors). The majority of HEIs are funded through tuition fees. Grants are given to the students according to their performance in the national admission exam that takes place at the end of secondary education and their field of study. Loans schemes are also available.

Stages of studies

University level first stage

First cycle – Bachelor’s degree (240 credits)

Within the first cycle programme, the degree of Certified Specialist exists (120-180 credits).


Copyright information

© International Association of Universities 2019

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