Reference work entry

Structure of Higher Education System


Higher education is provided by universities, higher institutes, and university centres. All higher education institutions are public and free of charge. The Ministerio de Educación Superior (MES) is responsible for policy in matters of undergraduate and postgraduate education. It controls teaching, methodology, courses and programmes and the allocation of student places, even though some specialized higher education institutions come under the control of other ministries such as the Ministry of Education for teachers’ training institutions and the Ministry of Health for medical faculties.

Stages of studies

University level first stage


The first and main stage of higher education usually lasts for five years. In Medicine, studies last for six years. At the end of the first stage, students are awarded a Licenciatura or a Título profesional (professional diploma) as follows: Ingeniero in technical and agricultural sciences,...

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© International Association of Universities 2019

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