Structure of Higher Education System
Croatian higher education is regulated by the Scientific Activity and Higher Education Act which came into force in August of 2003. The Act established a binary system composed of professional education offered at polytechnics (veleučilišta), independent schools of professional higher education (visoke škole) and universities (sveučilišta), and academic education solely conducted in universities. Only universities can offer third-cycle education (postgraduate studies). Private and public higher education institutions are treated equally. Public higher education institutions are those established by the state. Private universities, polytechnics and schools of professional higher education can be established as prescribed in the law and regulations relating to the establishment of institutions. The Act on Academic and Professional Titles and Academic Degrees was passed in September 2007. It established an overarching system of titles for...