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González Márquez, Felipe (Spain)

Reference work entry

Introduction

Felipe González Márquez was prime minister of Spain from 1982–96, representing the Partido Socialista Obrero Español (Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party; PSOE). He continued the Post-Franco transition towards democracy and opened Spain up internationally; Spain joined the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

Early Life

González was born in Seville on 5 Mar. 1942. The son of a strongly republican agricultural worker, he was the only child of six to attend higher education. He studied civil engineering at Seville University before changing to study law. His political career began during his student years. After activity in the Socialist Youth Movement, he joined the then-outlawed PSOE in 1964. He continued his studies in Leuven where he was influenced by Belgium’s former prime minister, the Socialist Paul-Henri Spaak. In 1968 he set up a law firm in Seville. After climbing the ranks of the PSOE during the 1960s and early 70s, González became its secretary general in Oct. 1974 at the...

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