García, Alan (Peru)
Head of the Peruvian Aprista Party (PAP; formerly known as the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance/APRA), Alan García served two separate terms as Peru’s president. His first term in office, from 1985–90, was marked by hyperinflation and a rising national debt as he tried to invigorate the economy through spending. After a period of exile García returned to Peru in 2001 and won the 2006 presidential election, promising to fight poverty whilst pursuing more orthodox economic policies.
Born on 23 May 1949 in Lima, García was raised in a family with strong ties to the APRA party. His father, Carlos García Ronceros, served as party secretary and was imprisoned during García’s childhood for political militancy. García was educated at the Colegio Nacional José María Eguren in Lima and the Pontificia Universidad Católica, before completing a law degree at the National University of San Marcos in 1971. He pursued further studies in Europe, obtaining a doctorate in...