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Eden, Anthony (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

Reference work entry

Introduction

Anthony Eden was the Conservative British prime minister from 1955 to 1957. He had previously served as foreign secretary, gaining an international reputation as a diplomat and skilled negotiator. However, his tenure as prime minister was dominated by the Suez Crisis and, in tandem with his ill health, led to his early downfall.

Early Life

Robert Anthony Eden was born in Bishop Auckland in the northeast of England on 12 June 1897 into an aristocratic family. He studied at Eton and then took Oriental Languages at Christ Church, Oxford. Twice rejected from Sandhurst on account of his poor vision, he served with the King’s Royal Rifle Corps during World War I, achieving the rank of Major. In 1923 he entered the House of Commons as the member for Warwick and Leamington, the same year in which he married Beatrice Helen Beckett, with whom he had two sons.

Within 3 years he was appointed parliamentary private secretary at the foreign office by Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin....

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