Durão Barroso, José Manuel (Portugal)
The leader of the right-wing Partido Social Democrata (Social Democrats, PSD), José Manuel Durão Barroso was elected prime minister in March 2002, replacing the former Partido Socialista (Socialist Party, PSP) leader António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres.
Born on 23 March 1956, Durão Barroso studied law at the Universidade de Lisboa. He gained a master’s in political science from the Université de Genève before taking European studies. He lectured at universities in Geneva and the USA, as well as working for the department of international relations at Universidade Lusíada, Lisbon. He wrote for several science journals and founded a political science magazine.
In 1980 Durão Barroso joined the PSD. In 1985, 1995 and 1999 he was elected PSD deputy for Lisbon; in 1987 and 1991 for Viseu. He was president of the foreign office commission between 1995–96, then the interior ministry’s deputy secretary before becoming foreign secretary. Between 1992–95 Durão Barroso was...