Duncan Smith, Iain (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

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Iain Duncan Smith was elected leader of the Conservative Party in Sept. 2001, succeeding William Hague. Inheriting a party deeply divided and depressed by a second successive punishing election defeat, his support came chiefly from the Euro-sceptic right of the party. Considered to lack the charisma needed to galvanize the party, Duncan Smith was harassed by calls for another leader for much of his second year. Modest successes in local and regional elections in May 2003 failed to bolster his leadership. He was defeated in a parliamentary party vote in Oct. 2003. In May 2010 he became work and pensions secretary in the Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition government.

Early Life

George Iain Duncan Smith was born on 9 April 1954 in Edinburgh. The son of a former fighter pilot, he was educated at HMS Conway (a school for children of military personnel) in Wales, Dunchurch College of Management, the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst and a university in Perugia, Italy. As...

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