Republic of Zimbabwe
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Harare

  • Population estimate, 2015: 15.60 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 1,615

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.509/155

  • Internet domain extension: .zw

Civil Aviation

There are three international airports: Harare (the main airport), Bulawayo and Victoria Falls. Air Zimbabwe, the state-owned national carrier, ceased operations in Feb. 2012 but resumed flying on a limited basis in May. After the government took over Air Zimbabwe’s debts it began flying on international routes again in Nov. 2012. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Zimbabwe-based carriers flew 9.1 m. km; passenger-km totalled 566.6 m. in the same year. In 2009 Harare handled 612,208 passengers (674,281 in 2008).


Though situated in the tropics, conditions are remarkably temperate throughout the year because of altitude, and an inland position keeps humidity low. The warmest weather occurs in the 3 months before the main rainy season, which starts in Nov. and lasts until March. The cool season is from...

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