Republic of Zambia
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Lusaka

  • Population estimate, 2015: 16.21 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,734

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.586/139

  • Internet domain extension: .zm

Civil Aviation

The former flag carrier, Zambian Airways, operated internal flights and in 2007 flew to Dar es Salaam, Harare and Johannesburg as well as operating domestic services, but ceased flying in Jan. 2009. Lusaka is the principal international airport. In 2012 Lusaka International handled 925,077 passengers (684,548 on international flights) and 5,194 tonnes of freight. Scheduled airline traffic of Zambian-based carriers flew 1.8 m. km in 2012; passenger-km totalled 28.7 m. in the same year.


The climate is tropical, but has three seasons. The cool, dry one is from May to Aug., a hot dry one follows until Nov., when the wet season commences. Frosts may occur in some areas in the cool season. Lusaka, Jan. 70 °F (21.1 °C), July 61 °F (16.1 °C). Annual rainfall 33″ (836 mm). Livingstone, Jan. 75 °F (23.9 °C), July...

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