Jamhuriya al Yamaniya (Republic of Yemen)
Reference work entry


  • Capitals: Sana’a (Legislative and Administrative), Aden (Commercial)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 26.83 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,519

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.498/160

  • Internet domain extension: .ye

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Sana’a and Aden. In 2012 Sana’a handled 1,598,661 passengers (1,176,447 on international flights) and 18,119 tonnes of freight. The national carrier is Yemenia. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Yemen-based carriers flew 22.0 m. km; passenger-km totalled 3.7 bn. in the same year.


A desert climate, modified by relief. Sana’a, Jan. 57 °F (13.9 °C), July 71 °F (21.7 °C). Aden, Jan. 75 °F (24 °C), July 90 °F (32 °C). Annual rainfall 20″ (508 mm) in the north, but very low in coastal areas: 1.8″ (46 mm).

Constitution and Government

Parliament consists of a 301-member Assembly of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwaab), previously elected for a 6 year term in single-seat constituencies, and a new people’s transitional council...

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