República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Caracas

  • Population estimate, 2015: 31.11 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 16,159

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.762/71

  • Internet domain extension: .ve

Civil Aviation

The main international airport is at Caracas (Simon Bolívar), with some international flights from Maracaibo. The national carrier is Conviasa, founded in 2004 as the successor to Viasa, which had ceased operations in 1997. In 2005 scheduled airline traffic of Venezuela-based carriers flew 31.0 m. km, carrying 3,240,200 passengers.


The climate ranges from warm temperate to tropical. Temperatures vary little throughout the year and rainfall is plentiful. The dry season is from Dec. to April. The hottest months are July and Aug. Caracas, Jan. 65 °F (18.3 °C), July 69 °F (20.6 °C). Annual rainfall 32″ (833 mm). Ciudad Bolívar, Jan. 79 °F (26.1 °C), July 81 °F (27.2 °C). Annual rainfall 41″ (1,016 mm). Maracaibo, Jan. 81 °F (27.2 °C), July 85 °F (29.4 °C). Annual rainfall 23″ (577 mm).

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